For purposes for this analysis that is content sex ended up being thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse

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Not absolutely all product which was taped had been coded. As our focus ended up being on scripted development, we excluded news that is daily, game shows, sports programs and activities, and paid development, in addition to all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( e.g., teasers for network programs). Although music videos were taped, these were coded and analyzed individually for their unique traits and they are perhaps perhaps not reported right right here. The analyses offered in this paper, nevertheless, do through the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs.

In addition, demonstrates had been incomplete since they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.

The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test when it comes to 2002 2003 season included 1,439 unique system episodes. The sample for the 2nd content analysis had been significantly bigger than the initial 12 months’s test once we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to make sure that we had three episodes of each and every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence towards the sampling plan, extra taping ended up being needed whenever, as an example, brand brand brand new programs joined the fall lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or as soon as the time and time slot for a set ended up being changed.

The codebook when it comes to bigger research ended up being based significantly regarding the variables manufactured by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) inside their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation.

We created extra things, including those on exact same intercourse behavior that is intimate sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals. In comparison to Kunkel and colleagues, whom utilized the scene once the main product of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ dramatically in total and, hence, try not to offer a consistent product of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a standard coding device according to time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).

For purposes with this content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding sexual content, communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications linked to love and relationships, that have been maybe not coded. As an example, a declaration such as “I adore my boyfriend” wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as “I made like to my boyfriend” will be coded.

Exact exact Same sex behavior that is sexual

Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing a minumum of one style of sexual activity monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been examined when it comes to existence of exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual. Because of this item, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period took place between a couple regarding the exact same intercourse.

Speak about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual

Each 2 minute period that was indeed coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., responses about own/others’ sexual actions or passions, explore sexual activity which have currently occurred, mention sex crimes) ended smoking webcam chaturbate up being additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals. With this product, programmers once once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Most frequently, such feedback associated with gays and lesbians, although sometimes they certainly were connected with bisexuals.

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